School of Behavioral Sciences
Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)
child sexual assault, depression, loneliness, and marital satisfaction
Counseling | Psychology
Litzinger, Thomas, "A Quantitative Study of Child Sexual Assault Survivors’ Struggles with Poor Marital Satisfaction: Mediated by Loneliness and Depression" (2021). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 3213.
Child sexual assault (CSA) is growing at startling rates in the United States and is related to a staggering number of adult psychosomatic modification problems and outcomes. CSA has been a subject of interest in sexual health research for many years; however, research regarding the sexual health consequences of CSA has been hampered by methodologic changeability. CSA and the sexual victimization of boys and men has been understudied despite its prevalence and potentially detrimental outcomes in the U.S. and worldwide. A large body of research has revealed many adverse psychological and social impacts of CSA in samples of adult male and female survivors. Countless researchers have reported that abuse characteristics connected to CSA include, severe abuse, prolonged duration, or sexual abuse by a trusted perpetrator, such as friends or family members were connected to CSA. Adverse mental health, negative physical health, and poor relational outcomes are common for adult male and female survivors of CSA. Historically, there has been very little research examining how loneliness and depression affect marital satisfaction due to the harmful consequences of CSA. This body of research was based on the Hayes Regression Model 6, an advanced regression mediation model, and utilized a process and correlation analysis. First, the direct relationship between CSA and marital satisfaction was examined. Next, the direct relationship between CSA and marital satisfaction when mediated by loneliness and depression was measured. These results accentuate the scarcity of research related to marital satisfaction among adult male and female survivors of CSA.