School of Education


Doctor of Philosophy in Education (PhD)


Shanna W. Akers


experiential learning, paramedic, education, clinicals, emergency medical services




This study was conducted to assess for the predictive relationship between the number of patient encounters a paramedic student has during their initial education and their scores on a summative exam that has been linked to national exam pass rates. To date, little research has been conducted within the field of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) with a focus on education. Despite the lack of research, the Committee on Accreditation of Educational Programs for the Emergency Medical Services Professions has established recommended patient contact minimums that paramedic students must obtain during their initial education. The sample for this study included paramedic students who attended Blue Community College (a pseudonym) located in the eastern United States during academic years 2015 to 2018 who utilized Field Internship Student Data Acquisition Project’s (FISDAP) PRE4 exam and utilized FISDAP’s “Skills Tracker” system to record their clinical data. The N for this study was 66 students. This study utilized a non-experimental, correlational design, and a bivariate linear regression analysis was untiled to assess for a predictive relationship between the predictor and criterion variables of archival data. There was not a statistically significant correlation found between any of the predictor and criterion variables. Keywords: experiential learning, paramedic, education, clinicals, emergency medical services.

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