School of Behavioral Sciences


Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education and Supervision (PhD)


Mary Deacon


ASCA Model, Texas Model, School Violence, School Counselors' Roles and Responsibilities


Counseling | Social and Behavioral Sciences


According to the American School Counseling Association (ASCA) national model, over 80% of school counselors’ time should be spent providing direct and indirect student services, which represents a major shift in the roles and responsibilities of school counselors. Additionally, after the Santa Fe mass shootings, Texas school counselors are now required to provide these services to students experiencing trauma and/or crisis. However, little research has been found regarding school counselors’ perceptions of their ability to provide direct and indirect student services, including trauma and crisis-related counseling, as outlined by the ASCA. This study addressed this gap by collecting survey data from 335 school counselors currently employed in Texas related to their perceptions of their ability to provide these services. Overall, the results of this study suggest that the school counselors who participated are confident in their ability to provide both counseling and trauma-based counseling services to students. In addition, they felt that they were mostly able or able to implement those skills within the school. These findings are encouraging given their roles and responsibilities as outlined by the ASCA model (4th edition) and Texas model (5th edition). Though further study is needed to better understand these results, the results indicate that the current emphasis on trauma and crisis-related services in Texas is yielding positive results.

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