Rawlings School of Divinity


Doctor of Education in Christian Leadership (EdD)


Brian Pinzer


Leadership, Multicultural, Transformational Leadership Behavior, Spiritual Maturity


Leadership Studies


The world in the twenty-first century is becoming more integrated and interconnected which is affecting not only how one conducts business and education, but also how the church adapts to the fact that over the coming years it seems likely that one will find fewer and fewer monocultural congregations. The need to understand issues related to diversity and cultural sensitivity while at the same time remaining faithful to the Gospel and its promotion is vital. For those reasons, this study aimed to identify if transformational leadership behaviors contribute to the spiritual growth and maturity of members of multicultural Churches of Christ in the United States. The design utilized for this study was a quantitative correlational approach, which is used to measure the degree of relationship between two or more variables (Creswell, 2014, p. 50). The primary independent variable was transformational leadership behavior as measured by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) and the primary dependent variable was spiritual maturity of congregants as measured by the Faith Maturity Scale (FMS). The data analysis used for this research was the Pearson Product-moment Correlation Coefficient (Pearson’s r). The results of this research and the data analysis yielded no statistically significant correlation between transformational leadership behaviors of church leaders and congregants’ spiritual maturity, but there was value for both the research literature and practical application.