School of Nursing


Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Vickie Moore


Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), Diabetes Mellitus, Self-efficacy, Self-management, Health Literacy, Short Message Service (SMS)


Educational Methods | Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing


Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a significant health issue, as it requires patients to perform daily self-management activities. One in every three Americans with Type 2 diabetes has limited or low health literacy skills. Limited or low health literacy skills can impact a patient’s overall health outcome; therefore, a critical element for disease management and patient adherence is health literacy. The purpose of this three-month scholarly project was to determine if the utilization of an educational intervention specific to one’s level of health literacy, combined with a short message service reinforcement tool, could improve glycemic control and self-efficacy in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with limited and low HL. A sample of four participants was recruited for this scholarly project. Participants completed pre and post self-efficacy and health literacy questionnaires. During the three-month intervention phase, participants interacted with the project leader utilizing the text messaging reinforcement tool. After the three-month intervention phase, participants had an overall 9% increase in self-efficacy confidence, a 42% overall increase in health literacy knowledge, and an overall HbA1c mean value reduction of 0.5%. This combination therapy intervention is easy and convenient for health care providers and Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with limited or low health literacy. This intervention is an efficient and effective method to improve patients self-efficacy and diabetes knowledge; furthermore, this method improves patient self-management skills, glycemic control, and patient longevity.