School of Behavioral Sciences


Doctor of Education in Community Care and Counseling (EdD)


Patricia Hinkley


Mindfulness, Surrender, God Attachment, Religious Coping, Depression, Anxiety


Counseling | Religion | Social and Behavioral Sciences


The purpose of this study was to explore how God attachment may impact surrender to God and how mindfulness relates to the relationship between surrender and God attachment. Additionally, this study explores how surrender, God attachment and mindfulness might work together to impact symptoms of depression and anxiety. This study comprised 82 participants from a large Christian university that was enrolled in the university’s online doctoral counseling program. Using a quantitative survey research design, participants completed the following self-report measures online: Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, Surrender Scale, Attachment to God Inventory, and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21. Bivariate and multiple regression analyses were conducted, and the results of the study indicate that mindfulness partially mediates the significant relationship between surrender to God and God attachment. Furthermore, results suggest that God attachment completely mediates the relationship between surrender to God and depression. Additionally, no mediating or moderating effect between surrender to God, God attachment and anxiety was found. Recommendations for further research include exploring how mindfulness can be used to improve God attachment and surrender, as an avenue to help mitigate symptoms of depression.