A Single-Subject Study on Listening to Student-Selected Music through Headphones for Students with ADHD
School of Education
Doctor of Education in Curriculum & Instruction (EdD)
Music, ADHD, Mood, Attention, Single-subject Design
Curriculum and Instruction | Education
Ramey, Jennifer Renee Royster, "A Single-Subject Study on Listening to Student-Selected Music through Headphones for Students with ADHD" (2019). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 2103.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects that self-selected music have on the working memory of fifth grade students with an ADHD diagnosis. A single-subject ABACAC design was used, and a convenience sample of five fifth-grade students from a rural central Virginia middle school participated in the study. An on-line working memory N-back task (Cognitive Fun!, 2008) was used to measure the working memory of each participant under the conditions of no music, teacher-selected music listened to through headphones, and self-selected music listened to through headphones. The results of this study found that one participant experienced a significant increase in working memory while listening to teacher-selected (classical) music. No other significant effect on the working memory of fifth grade students while listening to self-selected music as compared to no music or teacher-selected music were found. However, further research is necessary to determine if self-selected music might affect working memory in older students.