David WestFollow




School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Rebecca Lunde


Burnout, Exhaustion, Fit, Principal, Stress, Worklife


Education | Educational Administration and Supervision | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Elementary and Middle and Secondary Education Administration


This causal-comparative, quantitative study examined the relationship between elementary, middle, and high school principals’ level of burnout and job-person fit. The purpose of this study was to identify the congruence of school principal burnout by examining the dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Job-person fit was explored by comparing the principal and his or her work environment. The six key domains of worklife (i.e., workload, control, community, reward, fairness, and values) were examined using the Areas of Worklife Survey, and data on the level of burnout were collected using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator’s Survey. The data in the present study were collected from 119 school principals. Data were analyzed using a multivariate analysis of variance to test difference among the domains of burnout and job-person fit at different administrative levels (i.e., elementary, middle, high). The results for the multivariate analysis of variance indicated elementary, middle, and high school principals had similar self-reported Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator’s Survey domains and Areas of Worklife Survey domains and no difference was found among the groups. The results for the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator’s Survey were F(6,228) = 1.428, p = .205, η² = .036, and results for the Areas of Worklife Survey were F(12,222) = 1.056, p = .398 η² = .054. The researcher also provided additional discussion, implications, and suggestions for further research.