School of Education
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Early Childhood, Education, Gender, Gender Identification, Gender-Type, Toddler
Early Childhood Education | Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Psychology | Other Education
Strawderman, Marc, "The Relationship Between Toddlers' and Their Primary Caregivers' Perspectives on Gender" (2018). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 1821.
The purpose of this quantitative case study was to discover the relationship between the views of gender between toddlers and their primary caregivers and between those toddlers and their teachers at an early childhood education center, or daycare center, in south-central Pennsylvania. The Child-Rearing Sex-Role Attitude Scale (CRSRAS) and Sex-Role Egalitarianism Scale (SRES) assessed and evaluated how the adults perceive gender. The Sex-Role Learning Index (SERLI) had the toddlers gender-type toys. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the adults’ scores on the CRSRAS and SRES, and explanation building was used after that to link the adults’ perceptions to the toddlers’ perceptions. Results showed that toddlers had similar views on gender as adult females or the primary caregivers, depending on the toddler.