School of Behavioral Sciences
Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education and Supervision (PhD)
Anxiety, Attachment to God, Christian Accommodated Interventions, Christian Spiritual Disciplines, Psychological Well-Being, Stress
Counseling | Counselor Education
Kim, Sung, "The Effect of a Bible Based Manualized Protocol Targeting Attachment to God in Anxiety and Stress" (2018). Doctoral Dissertations and Projects. 1646.
This study examined the effectiveness of the Bible-Based Stress Reduction Protocol-Attachment to God (BSRP-AG) in enhancing participants’ attachment to God and quality of life, decreasing perceived depression, anxiety, stress, and increasing overall spiritual well-being, using a randomized pretest and posttest design with waiting list control group among Hispanic population. The theory of stress, and attachment theory were discussed. At the same time, the relationship between stress, attachment, attachment to God and quality of life were considered as well. Lastly, the efficacy of Christian spiritual disciplines to improve attachment to God was argued. Thirty-four Hispanic individuals from Virginia participated in this randomized waiting list control group study. Information about the setting, the treatment, measures, and methodology, as well as instruments for statistical analyses were described. The results of the study revealed that the BSRP-AG was effective in improving attachment to God and psychological well-being by decreasing perceived stress, depression, and increasing spiritual well-being. It is also showed that the BSRP-AG improved participants’ perceived psychological quality of life.