Kellie HenryFollow




School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Judy Shoemaker


Art Education, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Music Education, Optimal Stimulation Theory, Physical Education, Theory of Planned Behavior


Curriculum and Instruction | Disability and Equity in Education | Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Methods | Educational Psychology | Other Education


The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to discover the lived experiences of teaching students with ADHD for art, music, and physical education teachers at elementary schools. The theories guiding this study are Zentall’s (1975) Optimal Stimulation Theory and Ajzen’s (1991) Theory of Planned Behavior as they explain how teachers’ attitudes and use of stimulation in the classroom affects the central phenomenon. This transcendental phenomenological study was based on actual descriptions of elementary special area teachers’ lived experiences with students who have ADHD. The design included a review of the literature, epoche, phenomenological reduction, imaginative variation, and synthesis of the data (Moustakas, 1994). Research was collected through surveys, interviews, and observations of a 12 elementary special area teachers in seven elementary schools located in the same school district in the same county. Through examination of the lived experiences of elementary PE, art, and music teachers with students who display symptoms of ADHD, there will be a better understanding how their attitudes were formed and the influence it has on their teaching experiences.