Master of Divinity (M.Div.)


C. Fred Smith

Primary Subject Area

Jewish Studies; History, Church; Religion, General; Religion, Biblical Studies; Religion, History of; Theology; Literature, Comparative; Literature, Middle Eastern; History, Middle Eastern


Apocalyptic Jewish Literature, Judgment, Kingdom, Messiah, Second Temple


Biblical Studies | Christianity | History of Christianity | History of Religions of Western Origin | Jewish Studies | Near Eastern Languages and Societies | Other Languages, Societies, and Cultures | Religion | Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion


The apocalyptic kingdom of God is a common theme in Second Temple Jewish literature. This kingdom is often presented differently in the various literary works of this era. This first chapter of this thesis considers the various aspects of the kingdom in relation to God's coming judgment and the coming messiah who is often seen as the one bringing judgment and setting up the kingdom of God. The second chapter elaborates upon Jesus' teachings about the apocalyptic kingdom of God and compares and contrasts them with the teachings of the kingdom in His day as understood through the Second Temple Jewish literature.