Senior Honors Theses

Author(s)

Avery KordusFollow

Publication Date

2014

School

School of Nursing

Major

Nursing (B.S.N.)

Keywords

breastfeeding, breast milk, benefits, formula, nutrition, development, SIDS, preterm infants

Disciplines

Anatomy | Biochemistry | Developmental Neuroscience | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Family Practice Nursing | Human and Clinical Nutrition | Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing | Medicine and Health Sciences | Molecular, Genetic, and Biochemical Nutrition | Neuroscience and Neurobiology | Nursing | Nursing Midwifery | Nutrition | Pediatric Nursing | Psychology

Abstract

Breastfeeding research is plentiful, and the majority of the literature shows that breast milk is the superior form of infant nutrition except in the rare circumstances of infant metabolic disorders, maternal drug use, or positive HIV status. In comparison to formula, breast milk provides improved cognition, development, behavior, bonding, nutrition, digestion, immunity, and long-term health with fewer diseases and conditions in infants. Mothers are benefited by breastfeeding through bonding, faster weight loss, and reduction in certain cancers and conditions. Breast milk contains the proper amount of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, and is also specialized for each infant and developmental stage. While formula is a viable alternative to breast milk, the same benefits cannot be achieved.