Mary M. HuffFollow

Publication Date

Spring 2012


College of Arts and Sciences


Nursing (B.S.N.)

Primary Subject Area

Biology, Neuroscience; Health Sciences, General; Health Sciences, Pharmacology


cosmetic neurology, cognitive enhancement, cognitive enhancing drugs, neuroenhancement, neuroethics, neuroscience, ADHD medication abuse, Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights


Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Bioethics and Medical Ethics | Cognitive Neuroscience | Health Law and Policy | Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility | Medical Pharmacology | Neurology | Neurosciences | Pharmacology | Substance Abuse and Addiction


Cosmetic neurology is becoming increasingly popular, and it is not just sleep deprived, over worked college students who are interested. People are beginning to seek off-label prescriptions for medications that are typically used to treat disorders such as attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) or narcolepsy, while researchers are trying to create drugs used solely for mind enhancement purposes. Along with these drugs come many legal and ethical quandaries relating to the regulation of current use as well as the what ifs of future possibilities. A survey was conducted among college students regarding the diagnosis of ADHD, the abuse of ADHD medication, and the number of students they knew who had abused ADHD medication, with the results compared to university students all across the country. The survey revealed that 58% of the participant students at the researcher’s university know other students who abuse ADHD medication, while 68% of participant students at other four- year universities know students who abuse ADHD medication.