Publication Date



College of Arts and Sciences


Psychology: Clinical/Experimental

Primary Subject Area

Psychology, Developmental


resilience, maltreatment, children, risk, cummulative risk, temperament, coping, emotionality, behavior problems, Child Behavior Checklist, CBCL, EAS


Child Psychology | Developmental Psychology | Personality and Social Contexts | Quantitative Psychology | Social Work


A large number of children are classified as maltreated, and these children respond to maltreatment in different ways. Cumulative sociodemographic risk factors and temperament both affect the socioemotional outcomes, including internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the association between risk factors and behavioral outcomes in children who have been neglected or abused is influenced by temperamental characteristics. Social workers in Virginia completed questionnaires about five children and adolescents who are part of their current case load. Questionnaires included demographic questions, a Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and an Emotionality Activity Sociability (EAS) temperament assessment of the children. This study has practical applications in the area of intervention, as children with high levels of Emotionality show more behavior problems and may need intervention sooner than others.