College of Arts and Sciences
Primary Subject Area
Biology, Anatomy; Biology, Genetics; Health Sciences, Medicine and Surgery
Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Deformity, Corrective Procedure, Surgery, Recovery
Cleft lip and palate deformities are abnormalities most commonly seen in third world countries. There are many ways to repair them, but first it is determined whether the cleft is unilateral or bilateral. Then the procedure is uniquely planned for the specific needs of the patient. The cleft can be determined in the prenatal stages by using 3D sonography, so parents can prepare for how to care for a child who has the deformity. The most important details of the repair procedure are agreed upon from surgeon to surgeon, but there are some differences in procedures and recommendations from one surgeon to another. The speech outcome for most patients is positive, but the speech therapy takes extensive work. Overall, the beneficial outcomes make the surgery worth having to increase the quality of life.