Publication Date

Spring 2012


School of Education


Integrated Studies: Elementary--Teacher Certification

Primary Subject Area

Education, Bilingual and Multicultural


English Language Learners, Literacy, Bilingual Education


Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education


With the recent rise in immigration, the demographics of the American classroom are changing. English Language Learners are becoming more common, and with this change comes the challenge of effectively educating them. Unfortunately, this demographic has been observed to have a major achievement gap, as many students are placed in mainstream classrooms without basic literacy skills. This gap can be bridged through intentional focus on literacy with these students. This thesis examines styles of education for English Language Learners and instructional strategies in an effort to identify which styles and strategies can bridge the literacy and achievement gap most effectively.