Lieber argued that external liberty is an outgrowth of internal freedom. Real freedom is “perpetual, individual, and relates to the whole being.” Liberty is “granted, guaranteed, and, therefore, generally of a public character.” It is the political expression of this preexisting moral condition of the people. It is a practical result of flourishing institutions of self-government.
Samson, Steven, "Francis Lieber’s Theory of Institutional Liberty" (1994). Faculty Publications and Presentations. 486.