School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Ellen Black


Digital Links, Mobile Technology, QR Codes, Reading Comprehension, Reading Enjoyment


Curriculum and Instruction | Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Methods | Instructional Media Design | Junior High, Intermediate, Middle School Education and Teaching


In this quantitative study, reading comprehension scores and reading enjoyment level of forty-two seventh-grade males (N = 42) from a Mid-Atlantic private school were examined to determine the effect of information delivery type. In this true-experimental posttest only control group design, forty-two participants self-identified as disinterested readers. The control group (n = 22) received a traditionally printed excerpt from a novel, while the treatment Group (n = 20) received the same excerpt enhanced with embedded digital links through QR (Quick Response) codes. Upon completion of the reading, participants took a reading comprehension test, and completed a reading enjoyment questionnaire. Data was analyzed using a MANOVA and two follow-up ANOVA. Results showed that participants in the enhanced group scored higher in reading comprehension than the traditional print group, and that the enhanced print group also enjoyed the reading experience more than those in the traditional print group.