Tammy BargerFollow


School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Karen Parker

Primary Subject Area

Education, General; Education, Tests and Measurements; Education, Sciences; Education, Teacher Training; Education, Secondary; Education, Curriculum and Instruction; Education, Administration


looping, middle school, quantitative, science, standardized achievement tests


Curriculum and Instruction | Education | Educational Administration and Supervision | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Methods | Science and Mathematics Education


Looping may be defined as a teacher remaining with a group of students for multiple academic years. In this quantitative study, looping was examined as a factor on science achievement. State-wide eighth grade school level 2010 Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) data were used. By responding to a mailing, school administrators indicated if 2010 eighth grade students had or had not been looped. The schools' percentage of advanced and proficient Science PSSA data were used to determine if the independent variable had a significant impact on science achievement. The results of the independent t-test analysis suggest that looping does not contribute to science achievement for this study sample.