School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


John Pantana

Primary Subject Area

Education, General; Education, Curriculum and Instruction; Education, Mathematics; Education, Tests and Measurements; Education, Adult and Continuing


developmental, mathematics, online


Communication | Communication Technology and New Media | Curriculum and Instruction | Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Science and Mathematics Education


Students enrolled during the spring 2011 and summer 2011 semesters taking developmental Algebra I were invited to participate in a study. Students were required to complete a researcher-made pretest prior to instruction, complete the course over the semester, and complete an identical posttest at the end of the course. The online students voluntarily completed a researcher-made survey. An ANCOVA analysis, using the pretest scores as a covariate, showed a significant difference between the online and seated students, as the online students scored significantly higher. The survey showed online students tended to utilize the captured lectures, with a larger percentage of students watching the entire lecture. The study discusses the implications of the findings and makes recommendations for future research.