School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Ralph Marino

Primary Subject Area

Education, Administration; Education, General


Calling, Christian Education, Consensual Qualitative Research, Dual Enrollment, Motivation, Self-Determination Theory


A phenomenological study utilizing the Consensual Qualitative Research method was conducted to understand the motivation of high school students dually enrolled in high school and college, commonly referred to as dual enrollment, in relation to the Self-Determination Theory and to connect this motivation to research on personal calling. This qualitative study begins a research thread linking dual enrollment as a reform model to research on motivation and personal calling. The participants were high school students in two Association of Christian Schools International schools in the southeastern United States dual enrolled in an evangelical Christian university in the Southeast. Data was collected through an open-ended questionnaire, a self-report instrument, and individual interviews. The results of this study indicated that the participants were motivated to participate in the dual enrollment program because of an investment in the future, relationships/people, it was a "no brainer," personal betterment, and an interest in the subject. In general, it was determined that the participants were primarily extrinsically motivated to participate. Furthermore, it was evident that the students did not express a personal calling to participate in the dual enrollment program.