School of Education
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Primary Subject Area
Education, Administration; Education, Early Childhood
discipline, proactive discipline, RTI, school-wide discipline plan
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a proactive school-wide discipline plan on office discipline referrals, and as a predictor of incidents of chronic disciplinary referrals. The study examined two consecutive school years, 2007-2008 and 2008-2009, with 2007-2008 being the control group without a school-wide discipline plan, and 2008-2009 the treatment group with a school-wide discipline plan in place for a full academic year. The purpose was to determine if there would be a statistically significant decrease in the number of office discipline referrals and the number of office discipline referrals which resulted in In-School or Out of School suspension. The study also demonstrated through Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient regression if academic achievement was a predictor of incidents of chronic office disciplinary referrals which may contribute to future behavioral issues and the need for secondary intervention. The hypotheses stated there would not be a significant difference in the number of office referrals and the number of office discipline referrals which result in In-School Suspension and/or Out-of-School Suspension, and students with two or more office discipline referrals would not be significantly different than other students in terms of academic achievement. A dependent t-test showed there were significantly more office discipline referrals and office discipline referrals which resulted in In-School or Out of School suspensions in 2008-2009 than in 2007-2008. Using Pearson's correlation, a negative correlation was found between academic achievement and number of office discipline referrals. As academic achievement decreased the number of office discipline referrals increased. Results indicate that academic achievement can serve as an early predictor of chronic office discipline referrals.