Counseling Department


Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Fernando Garzon


Christian Lay Counseling, Emotional Healing, Holy Spirit Revealed Truth, Mind Renewal, Presence of Jesus, Theophostic Prayer Ministry


Biblical Studies | Christianity | Comparative Methodologies and Theories | Liturgy and Worship | Other Religion | Religion


This study assessed the perceived level of effectiveness of Thoephostic Prayer Minister (TPM) as measured by recipients’ overall and specific ratings of TPM’s impact on their lives, and assessed the validity of concerns that TPM leads to unusually high rates of negative outcomes. Method: Using a cross-sectional design, recipients completed a self-administered survey following their weekly session during one week of data collection at three different geographic locations across the United States. Data was analyzed for frequencies using one-way ANOVA’s. Results: Findings revealed 94% of respondents indicated that their overall problems improved, with 35% indicating the highest rating of improvement. On a 1-5 scale of improvement, means of specific issues ratings ranged from 4.89 to 3.77, and for spiritual issues 4.65 to 4.49, all above a rating of no change. Respondents’ negative outcomes ratings were 3-9%, within the accepted normal 5-10% deterioration rate among psychotherapy research. Conclusions: Findings support previous research, rendering TPM as deserving of consideration as a possible therapeutic option.