John SpohnFollow




School of Education


Doctor of Education (EdD)


Amy McLemore


Asynchronous, Behavior, Incivility, Learners, Motivation, Trust


Curriculum and Social Inquiry | Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Psychology | Online and Distance Education | Social and Philosophical Foundations of Education


Incivility is not just bullying and physically threatening students. Uncivil behaviors include more mild forms of classroom disruption, including plagiarizing, posting terse responses, and continually asking for extensions for assignments. A student’s motivation for learning can be hampered, when subjected to incivility causing classroom disruptions. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between student incivility in the online learning environment, as scored by the Incivility in Online Learning Environments instrument, and the student’s sense of community, as measured by the Community Classroom scale. This quantitative study seeks to extend Tuckman’s model (1965) of the Theory of Group Development as it relates to incivility in asynchronous learning. A non-experimental correlational design is employed to examine the online student’s sense of learning and connectedness for online undergraduate students at a large private Christian university. The participants were undergraduate students taking an online course and the number of participants were 129. A Pearson’s Product-moment correlation was used to interpret the research results. Findings are examined and recommendations for future research will be made.